Have you ever thought what goes behind any TV shows production? Or have you noticed the names of people involved in the process of TV production that appear after the show ends? While watching as viewers, we are unaware of the TV production complexities. So, let’s have an insight of a TV production.
TV production consists of 3 main stages: Pre-production, Production and Post-Production. The entire process of creating a program may involve developing a script, creating a budget, hiring creative talent, designing a set, and rehearsing lines before filming takes place. After filming, the post-production process may include video editing and the addition of sound, music, and optical effects.
As the first stage of TV production, this stage includes everything you do before entering the studio or reaching the shooting location. It involves idea generation, research, scripting, discussions with all the crew members and talents (actors), arranging equipment, video / audio tapes, properties, costumes, sets designing or location hunting and booking of editing shifts.
Pre-production activities involve the planning, budgeting, and preparation needed before shooting begins. In all it involves planning everything in advance. In TV production, people involved in this stage are the production manager, director, and casting director. Pre-production period can last as long as a month or more for a movie, or just a week for a single episode of a drama.
This stage is when you are on the studio floor or on location and are ready to shoot or are actually shooting. It includes managing all the facilities, handling of talent and crew members, controlling the crowd, shooting without hurdles and solving any problem related on the spot at that time. In TV Production, it consists of two methods which is single camera production (SCP) and multiple camera production (MCP). SCP are commonly used in documentary, TV magazines and movies. While MCP is used to produce talk shows, game shows, live award and the news.
The final stage of TV Production, post-production begins with the completion of filming and continues until the project is delivered to the network for airing. The two main activities of post-production are the editing, or assembling, of video footage and the creation of a complete sound track.
While the film or TV episode is being edited, the director may decide to reshoot or film additional scenes. Background Actors, stand-ins, and doubles may be cast for reshoots. In TV production, different post-production crews will put their finishing touches on the project and when the director decides the film is finished, it will move out of the post-production phase to distribution.